When you blow a balloon, after a certain extent it blows off. This is because the air filled in it has reached the extent of balloon’s capacity and it is not able to take anymore air. Hence it burst out. The internal functioning of the body is channelized by various veins and arteries that are connected to the organs of the body. This is a very complex system and the smooth functioning of the whole system is very important as little anomaly can sometimes cause a lot of difficulty for us. Even a slight swelling or clotting of blood can prove to be very troublesome for us. One such problem of swelling is known as Aneurysm.
Aneurysm is basically the problem of abnormal bulge in wall of an artery. In general, the walls of the arteries are thick and muscular which allows them to withstand a large amount of pressure. But on some occasion, a weak area develops in the wall of the arteries. This allows the pressure the form a bulge or a ballooned area which is called as Aneurysm. This can form in any blood vessel but most of the time they occur mainly in the aorta.
The aorta is the large trunk artery that carries blood from the left ventricle of the heart to branch arteries. Aneurysm of aorta can occur mainly in two main places. Abdominal aortic aneurysm occurs in the part aorta which passes through the middle to the low abdomen. Another is Thoracic aneurysm which occurs on the aorta as it passes through the chest cavity. These are less common than the abdominal aneurysm. Another form of Aneurysm is brain aneurysm. In many cases brain aneurysm does not show any kind of symptom and often go unobserved. However, in some rare cases brain aneurysm ruptures, releasing blood in the skull and causing stroke. This is also called subarachnoid hemorrhage. If the intensity is very severe, it may cause brain damage or even death. Like other aneurysm this also causes swelling of the arteries and may increase the chances of rupture which can lead to fatality. There are several causes of Aneurysm as well. One of the primary reasons is that it can be hereditary. If you have family history of brain aneurysm, then it can pass on from one generation to another.
People who had medical history of aneurysm may develop the problem again also. Brain Aneurysm affects more women than men and they are more susceptible to suffer from subarachnoid hemorrhage. At times it also race specific as African Americans suffer more from subarachnoid hemorrhage rather than the whites. People who have the problem of high blood pressure problem also the risk of subarachnoid hemorrhage. Also, along with the problem of high blood pressure, the people who smoke too much cigarette also are at risk of subarachnoid hemorrhage. There are symptoms of aneurysm. You may experience sudden and sharp headache, neck pain, nausea and vomiting, seizures, sensitivity to light, fainting or loss of consciousness.