Pain of any type is unbearable, be it any part of the body. Even if occurs on the tiny finger of ours then also it causes lot of trouble for us and our entire mind is distracted towards the pain. We are not able to focus on anything else since that pain keeps hurting us. So naturally we put our best effort in order to get rid of that pain as quickly as possible so that we can get some type of relief. But at times the pain is caused by some kind of neurological disorder which is connected with the brain. This type of disorder is typically known as central pain syndrome.
Central pain disorder is basically a neurological disorder that is caused by the damage to the central nervous system. This kind of condition is generally caused by other issues like stroke, brain trauma, tumors and epilepsy. Central pain syndrome was first explained by German neurologist L. Edigner in the year 1891. Central pain syndrome can also happen after neurosurgical procedures involving the brain and the spine.
This syndrome basically results from the damage to the brain-transmission pathway from the level of the spinal cord up to the cortex, the grey matter that covers the cerebral hemispheres. In a research that has been done in the recent times reveals that the central pain syndrome is due to a disturbed communication between the sensory thalamus and sensory cortex. People who are affected by the problem of central pain syndrome are believed to be in several millions around the world. People who suffer from the problem of central pain disorder have aching, burning, sharp pains and numbness. The symptoms may vary from individual to individual depending upon the severity of the condition.
The main cause behind this syndrome is basically some kind of injury to the brain. The most common conditions that can lead to the problem of central pain syndrome are brain hemorrhage, stroke, multiple sclerosis, brain tumors, aneurysm, spinal cord injury, traumatic brain injury, Parkinson’s disease, surgical procedures that involve brain and spine. The pain in this case is typically described as moderate to severe in intensity. The pain can be even very agonizing in some of the cases. In the severe cases people may even feel pain when touched lightly by clothing, blankets and even strong wind. The other factors that can aggravate the pain in the patient are touch, stress, anger and other strong emotions, movement or exercise, loud noises, bright lights, sun exposure, rain, wind and altitude changes.
Usually the central pain syndrome is very hard to diagnose and difficult to treat as well. The doctor will begin by reviewing your symptoms and perform a physical examination and also take a brief description about your medical history. You need to inform your doctor if you had any kind of physical injuries in the past. Some of the medication that is used in the treatment of this disorder is with the medications of antiepileptic or antidepressant.