People are plagued with many kinds of mental problems. Some of them are mild and cause no trouble to the individual or to the people surrounding them. We all have traits of some kind of mental issues and that is a fact. Some of them are habitual and we include that in our daily life as well. But sometimes there are some mental disorders that can really interfere in our day to day functioning and can hamper our normal life to a great extent. Not only that, it can sometimes irritate the people who are surrounding you as well. One such mental issue is Obsessive-compulsive disorder.
This basically an anxiety disorder which is characterized by uncontrollable, unwanted thoughts and repetitive ritualized behavior that you are compelled to perform. The person who is affected with the problem of OCD will be able to recognize that they have obsessive thoughts and compulsive behavior but they are not able to resist them or break free.
The individual gets stuck on the same kind of habit and it plays like an old habit. For example they will make sure plenty of times that they have switched off a particular switch and wash hand repeatedly.
There are few other symptoms of Obsessive-compulsive disorder by which you can easily recognize the issue of this mental issue. They may vary in obsessions and compulsions. The symptoms of obsession includes fear of dirt or contamination of germs, fear of causing harm to another, fear of making a mistake, being embarrassed or behaving in a socially unacceptable manner, afraid thinking of evil and sinful thoughts, excessive doubt and need for constant reassurance.
Then there are symptoms of compulsions like repeatedly bathing, showering or washing hands, refusing to shake hands and touch door knobs, continuously arranging things in a certain way, eating food in a specific manner, being stuck on some words, images, usually very disturbing and refuses to go away which interferes in sleep, repetition of specific words and phrases and collecting and hoarding items with no apparent value.
The exact cause behind the problem of Obsessive-compulsive disorder is not known yet. Few of the studies have revealed that both biological and the environmental factor can be reason behind the issue of Obsessive-compulsive disorder.
The environmental factors that can influence the issue of Obsessive-compulsive disorder in an individual can range from abuse, changes in living situation, illness, death of a loved one, work or school related issues and relationship concerns. The problem of OCD is diagnosed by the assessment of the symptoms and observing how the person is performing his or her ritual behaviors. The problem of Obsessive-compulsive disorder does not go off by itself. It requires psychological treatment. It is done with either cognitive behavioral therapy or medication therapy. In cognitive therapy, the people with the problem of OCD are taught to confront their fears and reduce anxiety without performing the ritual behaviors. In the medication therapy, generally the use of anti depressants is being advocated.