In simple terms, it is collective lung diseases that block airflow and make it difficult to breathe caused by the insufficiency and damages over course of time and in most case it is smoking that can be blamed. Chronic bronchitis it is the airways that carry air to the lungs (bronchial tubes camera.gif) get inflamed and make a lot of mucus, which narrows or perpetually blocks the airways, making it hard for you to breathe. And other possibilities like emphysema, which is the tiny air sacs in the lungs, are like balloons. In breathing when we breathe in and out, they get bigger and smaller to move air through your lungs. But in case of emphysema, these air sacs are damaged and lose their stretch and less air gets in and out of the lungs that eventually make you feel short of breath. Indeed with some of earlier symptoms like low breathing stamina, easily feel fatigued and most likely to have cough in general time are enough signs that you might be having Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD).
Causes: It is not necessary smoking be the only factor that can cause such complications. And even smoking wouldn’t take just few cigarettes to take cause such problems. It could take a while for a smoker to get COPD, depending upon health conditions, and existence of other health alignments. Other factors like industrial dust and chemical fumes can also plays major part in causing such alignments. There are also some cases where those people who had preterm birth have also been found to cause it due to neonatal chronic lung disease.
There is also the possibility that genetics could also play its part and genes like alpha-1 antitrypsin deficiency, which are most likely to happen and a rare condition where your body may not be able to produce enough of a protein like immune alpha-1 antitrypsin, which helps to protect the lungs from damage. Person with such disorder and who smoke generally start to have symptoms of emphysema in their 30s or 40s and those who have this disorder but doesn’t smoke generally start to have symptoms in their 80s.
Symptoms: though coughing is one of the prime and early sign which is enough to doubt that one could have COPD but there are other signs too. A long-lasting cough with more mucus than usual that comes up when you cough. There are also some of the case studies where change in the color or thickness of that mucus is noted. And other signs including shortness of breath that gets worse when you exercise along with occasional tightness in your chest.
There are other after effects that can linked to be caused by above symptoms like person tend to be more avoid physical exertion and hence be less active in life, which itself can make you prone to have other health complications. Following active lifestyle is essential as it would also makes medication or any treatment course effective to causes.
It is wise to get yourself check of you have coughing which last longer than 3weeks, despite taking medicines. Most of the treatment course includes both medicinal and therapeutic approach to cure COPD, depending upon prognosis.